Gastrointestinal surgery is a type of surgery that treats problems of the digestive system. The oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, big intestine, and rectum are all included. The liver, gallbladder, and pancreas are also included.
A malignant or noncancerous growth or a damaged section of the body, such as the intestine, may be removed through surgery. It can also be utilised to treat issues like hernias. The digestive system is screened and diagnosed via minor surgical procedures.
Below are gastrointestinal conditions that may be treated with surgery:
Appendicitis. It may be necessary to remove the appendix if it becomes infected and inflamed (appendectomy).
Cancers of the colon and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgery is performed to remove cancerous tumours in the digestive system as well as cancerous sections of the digestive system. A surgeon, for example, may remove a tumour as well as a portion of the pancreas, liver, or intestine if the tumour is cancerous.
Diverticular disease is a type of cancer that affects the intestine. In the colon, a diverticulum is a tiny pouch or pocket. Researchers are baffled as to why this occurs. They might become inflamed and painful at times. This is frequently treated without the need for surgery.
Hernia: When a component of the body (such as the intestine) passes through a hole or weak area in the muscle or connective tissue wall that is designed to protect it, a hernia occurs (like the abdomen). Although it does not pass through the skin, a protrusion under the skin that is not intended to be there may be felt. It can also be excruciatingly uncomfortable. Gastrointestinal surgeons can close the hole or strengthen the weak point.
Endoscopy is a surgical treatment that is used to screen and diagnose digestive system issues. To see within the body, the doctor inserts a long, thin tube with a tiny camera. The scope is passed through the oesophagus if the problem is with the stomach or oesophagus.
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